Network operators worldwide are pushing ahead with the expansion of 5G technology. The mobile communications standard builds on the existing LTE standard and will set a new course for the Internet of Things (IoT). A real added value of 5G for the IoT is, for example, the low latency times. Read more about what this means in this article.
Imagine: You are supposed to react to something, but everything you see you perceive with an actual delay of at least 30 milliseconds. That doesn't sound like much at first. But would you be able to catch an object that is thrown at you? In practice, this turns out to be extremely difficult. Yet 30 milliseconds is the standard delay (latency) to be found in data transmission via LTE in the current 4G network. For applications like autonomous driving, where every millisecond counts, this delay would be too long. The new mobile communications standard 5G, which is being expanded more and more all over the world, can remedy this. Ideally, the latency of the new standard is only one millisecond, i.e. one thirtieth of the LTE standard. This makes it possible, for example, to exchange sensor data almost in real time and to implement applications where a delay cannot be accepted. In addition to autonomous driving, other examples include telemedicine or production robots that interact with each other or with humans.
In addition to shorter latency, 5G offers two other important advancements. A larger available frequency range (in the range 3300 - 3800MHz) creates a higher capacity. In combination with the so-called MIMO method (Multiple Input, Multiple Output), several data can also be transmitted on the same frequency. This means that significantly more end devices can connect to a single radio cell (factor of 500) and thus bottlenecks at busy locations can be significantly reduced. The consistent connection of the 5G radio cells to the fibre optic network and a wider usable frequency range per end device also enable a significantly higher bandwidth. The gigabits per second (125 megabytes per second) often quoted by mobile network operators can be achieved theoretically, but a high 200-300 megabits per second are still realistic.
The low latency of one millisecond will initially only be achieved in laboratory situations and relates in particular to the transmission between the end device and the 5G radio cell. Since most of the total latency does not occur on the path of the data between the radio cell and the end device, but in the downstream network traffic (e.g., via cloud or Internet), there is a further trend in so-called edge computing. This means that data is processed as close as possible to the end device in order to minimize the transmission time between processing servers. Nothing is faster than the speed of light (approx. 300km per ms), so that in purely physical terms 150km per ms can be covered for the upstream and downstream. This consideration alone indicates that 5G has already exhausted what is physically possible and that further developments will be necessary, especially in the direction of edge computing. As a mobile network provider, regional breakouts into the Internet are an advantage here. This means that access to the Internet for a server in Frankfurt, for example, does not first run via the USA.
If you look at the status of the expansion of Deutsche Telekom's current 5G network, you can see that there is already relatively broad coverage. However, there are still some gaps, especially in rural areas and in the east of Germany. Whether 5G will be established in rural areas in the medium term remains to be seen. It can be assumed that the expansion of fibre optics in sparsely populated areas will not be pushed by the network operators and that the advantages of the new 5G network for real-time applications will be limited, so that coverage in the 4G network should be sufficient.
With some of our M2M SIM cards, you can already connect to the 5G network today through existing roaming agreements with the first mobile network operators. Please take a look at our current coverage list. In general, we are currently negotiating 5G agreements with network operators for all our M2M SIMs.
As soon as we have new information on the 5G support of our M2M SIM cards, we will inform you in the usual way in the form of our coverage update. This much we can reveal: from a technical point of view, provided your devices are 5G capable, you do not need to do anything further. Our SIM card will directly support the new standard from the time roaming agreements become available, so the SIM does not need to be exchanged or reconfigured.